Are there differences in access to healthcare—specifically for Medicare Advantage (MA) plans—for racial and ethnic minorities? MA plans are offered in almost every county throughout the U.S., and the plan options available are specific to each county. Anyone living in one of those counties who is eligible for Medicare can enroll regardless of race or ethnicity. What is the impact of geography on the number and average characteristics of plans available to each ethnic and racial group?
This paper by Milliman’s Adam Barnhart and Mary Yeh evaluates the general enrollment MA plans available to individuals for different racial and ethnic groups in the United States. They examined plan options available to individuals aged 65 and over belonging to five different racial or ethnic groups (white, Black, Hispanic or Latino, Asian or Pacific Islander, or American Indian or Alaska Native) from 2016 to 2020.