Tag Archives: Medicaid

Medicaid risk-based managed care: Analysis of administrative costs for 2016

In this report, Milliman consultants summarize calendar year 2016 administrative costs of organizations reporting Medicaid experience under the Title XIX Medicaid line of business on the National Association of Insurance Commissioners (NAIC) annual statement. The primary purpose of the report is to provide reference and benchmarking information for certain key administrative expense categories used in the day-to-day analysis of Medicaid managed care organization (MCO) financial performance. It also explores the differences among various types of MCOs using available segmentation attributes defined from the reported financial statements.

Medicaid risk-based managed care: Analysis of financial results for 2016

This report by Milliman’s Jeremy Palmer and Chris Pettit summarizes calendar year 2016 financial results of organizations reporting Medicaid experience under the Title XIX Medicaid line of business on the National Association of Insurance Commissioners (NAIC) annual statement. The primary purpose of this report is to provide reference and benchmarking information for certain key financial metrics used in the day-to-day analysis of Medicaid managed care organization (MCO) financial performance. This report explores the differences among various types of MCOs using available segmentation attributes defined from the reported financial statements.

Changes to actuarial soundness requirements may or may not accompany changes to Medicaid funding

Proposals to change federal funding for state Medicaid programs using block grants or per capita caps could affect federal actuarial soundness requirements for Medicaid managed care capitation rates. In this article, Milliman’s Michael Cook discusses the following three scenarios that could play out if changes to Medicaid funding happen.

• The continuation of federal actuarial soundness requirements under revised federal funding is a plausible scenario.
• The establishing of individual state requirements if federal requirements are eliminated.
• The continued development of actuarially sound capitation rates by individual states even in the absence of any soundness requirements.

A tale of two national health plans

The United Kingdom’s National Health Service (NHS) and the United States’ Medicaid program both provide publicly funded medical services to a broad population. The general goal of both is to find a balance of quality and efficiency that promotes access to appropriate and financially sustainable medical care. This article written by Milliman consultant Jennifer Gerstorff and Northampton General Hospital’s Chris Pallot explains the history of both programs. The authors also compare and contrast how the programs are funded, how providers are contracted, and how innovations are changing each system.

Milliman releases annual analysis of Medicaid managed care financial results

Milliman today announced the availability of its annual research into the financial results associated with Medicaid managed care plans. These plans have become increasingly popular, which is due to the Medicaid expansion provisions in the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (ACA) and the continued growth of the managed care delivery system within Medicaid. This information is especially valuable now, with the recent release of the Medicaid and CHIP Managed Care Final Rule (CMS-2390-F) by the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS). The CMS regulations require reporting and monitoring of Medicaid managed care medical loss ratios, and may be useful as the industry contemplates the financial consequences of the new regulation.

We are excited about this year’s iteration of the report because of its relevance with the recently finalized Medicaid managed care rule published by CMS. This is an area of intense focus for the industry as we look to quantify the various impacts of the new regulation. This report has become an industry standard, and it allows us to offer analysis as Medicaid continues to evolve.

Key findings from the analysis include:
• Average profit increased from 2.1% in calendar year (CY) 2014 to 2.6% for CY 2015
• Revenue captured by the study increased by 30%
• The medical loss ratio (MLR), using the CMS definition, was 90.2% in CY 2015, more than 5% higher than the minimum 85%

The financial results report is now in its eighth year of publication and is widely cited by the industry. An accompanying report related to Medicaid administrative costs is anticipated to follow the release of this report.

To see the Medicaid financial results report, click here.

Medicaid to pay more Medicare Part B costs

McCulla-IanPreliminary estimates suggest that Medicare Part B premiums and deductibles will increase for calendar year 2016. As a result, state Medicaid agencies may see sizeable increases in the Medicare Part B premiums and cost-sharing expenditures they pay on behalf of some dual eligibles. This NPR Marketplace article quotes Milliman’s Rob Damler discussing the disproportionate percentage of beneficiaries paying Part B’s costs.

Here is an excerpt:

…Two things tend to happen every year. First, Social Security benefits rise. Second, premiums for Medicare Part B — which covers inpatient treatment, the cost of doctors and certain drugs — also rise. But what makes this such an unusual year is that Social Security benefits are flat for 2016.

Robert Damler, an actuary with the consultant group Milliman, said that means a bunch of people by law are protected, or held harmless, from paying more for that Part B coverage.

“Seventy percent of the people will have zero percent increase, and then 30 percent of the population will have a 52 percent increase,” he said.

Given Medicare Part B enrollment, that’s like 15 million people picking up the tab for 50 million. Because many of the people facing increases are low-income, state Medicaid offices cover the premium hikes, which this year total $2.1 billion.

In this article, Damler and I explain the effect that several provisions from the Social Security Act are having on the current situation.

Two related requirements of Section 1839 of the Social Security Act have produced the current situation. In accordance with Section 1839, the revenue generated by Part B premiums is required to be 25% of the total cost of the program, which means that premiums rise and fall with the costs of the program, including normal adjustments for inflation. At the same time, another provision in Section 1839, known as the hold-harmless provision, precludes certain Social Security recipients from being required to pay more in Part B premium increases than their cost-of-living adjustment for that year.

Because the cost-of-living increase this year is expected to be 0%, anyone who pays Part B premiums through a deduction to his/her Social Security benefits must also see a commensurate 0% increase to those premiums. This affects about 70% of Medicare Part B beneficiaries. The remaining 30% are facing an increase in those premiums of 52% this year. This group includes higher income individuals who pay income-related premiums, individuals newly enrolled in Medicare Part B, and dual eligibles. Dual eligibles are not covered by the hold-harmless provision because they do not pay their Medicare Part B premiums through a reduction to their Social Security benefits; the premiums are paid on their behalf by Medicaid agencies.

The estimated higher than normal aggregate premium increase this year (15%) is related in part to passage of the Medicare Access and Children’s Health Insurance Program (CHIP) and Reauthorization Act of 2015 (MACRA), which revised some of the terms of Medicare physician reimbursement. In addition, evidence of higher than anticipated Medicare Part B program expenditures in 2014 and an increase in the healthcare cost trends projected by CMS contributed to the estimated increase.

Figure 1 illustrates a high-level estimate of the potential Medicare Part B premium increase that may be incurred by Medicaid programs nationwide. The calendar year 2016 estimated impact was developed from Federal Fiscal Year (FFY) 2013 reported expenditures. Therefore, the estimated increase is relative to a FFY 2013 expenditure basis.

2099HDP_Fig1