Starting in 2019, many clinicians performing services for Original Medicare patients will have their payments adjusted based on quality and other metrics from 2017. The Merit-Based Incentive Payment System (MIPS) is a revenue-neutral program that will adjust Part B payments, with a maximum -4% penalty in 2019.
MIPS was passed into law as part of the Medicare Access and CHIP Reauthorization Act of 2015 (MACRA). For 2017 dates of service, eligible clinicians (ECs) recorded and submitted measurements across three key areas: quality, improvement activities, and advancing care information (now called promoting interoperability). Based on these areas, ECs received a final score between 0 and 100, which then affects their payment rates for Medicare Part B services in 2019. The program is revenue-neutral, meaning the bonus payments will be adjusted based on the level of penalties.